Petroleum burns to produce Carbon Dioxide and Water. Plants consume the same CO2 and H2O to make carbohydrates and Oxygen. For every molecule of CO2, plants produce a molecule of O2.
Over millions of years, under pressure, the same Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Carbon atoms combine to become complex hydrocarbons, which we burn again to produce CO2 and H20. It is a completely natural cyclic process. We humans also burn glucose to do work and produce CO2. The only difference is that fossil fuels have impurities (Sulfur, Nitrogen, etc) which yield harmful oxides when oxidized.
Fossil fuels are natural and not bad. Natural gas is almost angelic in this sense because it only releases CO2 and H20 during combustion. And yes, CO2 is not bad. So long people use fossil fuel in moderation, it is not a problem. I am not saying that gas is better than electricity, but that gas is not bad.
My stance is that the government must stay out of it. The regions that have cheap fossil fuel should use it. The regions that have more Lithium should go electric. The regions that lack both should experiment with alternative fuels and battery designs.
People need to stop debating which fuel source is superior and utilize whichever is cheaper and more available locally. This is the only way a nation can be strong from within. If an entire nation uses only electric vehicles, the entire economy would halt if battery supplies are short. If an entire nation uses fossil fuel, it is essentially a slave to the few who control the supplies.
The free market, thus, should develop whatever energy technology is needed to meet the needs of the local market using resources that are abundantly available locally. A country with the most diversified energy sector is the most difficult to destroy by an outside political force or by a few insiders. This should be the concern of a nation's leadership not forcefully regulating people's choices.